How to Prepare for a Winter
Keep handy a
battery-powered flashlight, NOAA weather radio and portable radio,
extra food (canned or dried food is best), can opener, and bottled
water (at least 3 gallons per person).
Make sure each
member of household has a warm coat, gloves, hat and water-resistant
Ensure that extra
blankets and heavy clothes are available.
Keep on hand items
for infant, elderly or disabled family members.
Be aware of
potential fire and carbon monoxide hazards if you plan to use an
emergency heating source such as a fireplace, wood stove or space
In a vehicle:
Ensure the vehicle
is winterized by late fall. Keep the gas tank close to full.
Have the following
emergency supplies in your auto: shovel, blankets, windshield scraper,
container of sand, battery booster cables, tow chain or rope,
flashlight, battery-operated radio, first-aid kit and high energy
snacks (e.g. nuts, raisins).
If travel is
necessary, let someone know your destination and arrival time. Take
along a cell-phone in case you must call for help.
such as shoveling heavy snow, pushing a car, or walking in deep snow.
Sweating could lead to chill and hypothermia.
Walk carefully on
snowy, icy sidewalks.
lightweight warm clothing in layers. Wear wool hat and mittens.
Keep your clothes
dry. Change wet socks and clothing quickly to prevent loss of body
hazards of wind chill. As wind speed increases, heat is carried away
from a personís body more rapidly.
- To save heat,
close off unneeded rooms, cover windows at night and stuff towels or
rags in cracks under doors.
adequate food and water intake. Food provides the body with energy for
producing its own heat.
If stranded in a vehicle:
Attach a bright
cloth to your antenna to attract attention and then remain in the
Run the motor about
10 minutes each hour for heat. However, open the window slightly for
fresh air and make sure that the e exhaust pipe isn't blocked.
Get attention by
turning on the dome light and emergency flashers when running the
Exercise by moving
arms, legs, fingers and toes to keep blood circulating and to keep
If stranded outside:
Try to stay dry and
cover all exposed parts of the body.
Prepare a windbreak
or snow cave for protection from the wind. Build a fire for heat and
to attract attention.
Do not eat snow. It
will lower your body temperature. Melt it first.
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